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Preferential treatment of periods for pension purposes


Rules for the preferential treatment of certain persons with regard to insurance periods are specified in the Austrian social security laws. These persons will either be credited with periods in which they paid no contributions or the contributions they paid will be upgraded for the purpose of determining their insurance entitlement.

These preferential rules apply to persons whose

  • Pension rights were curtailed due to their political beliefs (unless these persons were active in the NAZI party), their religious beliefs or for reasons of ethnicity in the period 4 March 1933 to 9 May 1945.
Hence, under certain conditions, these persons are entitled to have the following periods credited to them as contribution-free contributory periods for the purpose of their pension entitlements; i.e. for periods in which they were, in the period specified above,
  • In detention
  • Imprisoned
  • Under arrest
  • Unemployed in Austria or abroad (outside Austria for a maximum of 2 years, calculated from the date of departure)
The preferential treatment shall apply to such periods occurring after 1 July in the year in which the person became 14 years old, at the earliest.

Furthermore, periods of emigration by such persons after they had reached the age of 15 years (up to 31 March 1959 at the latest) may, according to circumstances, be credited to them as contribution-free contributory or substitution periods, or be acquired as pension insurance periods by subsequent purchase.

Since 1 March 2002, persons
  • Born in the period 1 January 1933 - 12 March 1938
  • Who emigrated for one of the reasons specified above and
  • Who resided in Austria on 12 March 1938
may be credited with a maximum of 180 months towards their eligibility to receive a retirement pension for periods of emigration extending beyond 31 March 1959.

From 1 August 2009, persons
  • Born in the period 13 March 1938 - 8 May 1945
  • Who emigrated for one of the reasons specified above and
  • One of whose parents resided in Austria on 12 March 1938
may be credited with a maximum of 180 months towards their eligibility to receive a retirement pension for periods of emigration extending beyond 31 March 1959.

The following periods may also be recognised as insurance periods
  • Periods of schooling and study abroad after the age of 15
  • Periods of service with the armed forces of one of the Allied Powers in the period 26 August 1939 - 31 December 1948
  • Periods of emigration after 9 May 1945, if the period of emigration started no later than 31 December 1949.
Under current law, the validity of these periods as insurance periods will be evaluated during the pension review procedure or via separate application.