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Substitute periods

These are periods in which you pay no contributions but which will still count towards your pension entitlement. The main substitute periods are:

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Unemployment benefit/income support

Periods in which you were in receipt of unemployment insurance benefit after 31 December 1970.

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Employment prior to introduction of the statutory insurance system

Periods in which you were in employment prior to the introduction of the statutory insurance system.

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Childcare periods

Periods in which you were involved in the care of a child. The first 48 calendar months after the birth of the child count as a substitute period. If you give birth to more than one child, the childcare period is extended to 60 calendar months. If you again give birth prior to the termination of this period, the first substitute period ends at that point in time, and a new substitute period (48 or 60 calendar months, as appropriate) commences for the new child/children.

Example calculation of childcare periods
Date of birth of first child: 23/1/1965
Substitute period: Feb. 1965 - Aug. 1967
Taken into account: 31 months

Date of birth of second child: 7/8/1967
Substitute period: Sept. 1967 - Aug. 1971
Taken into account: 48 months

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Sickness benefit

Periods in which you were receipt of a statutory sickness insurance benefit after 31 January 1970.

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National/community service

Periods in which you were doing national service with the Austrian armed forces or alternative community service.

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Supplementary benefit (Übergangsgeld)

Periods in which you were in receipt of a supplementary benefit from a statutory accident or pension insurance during rehabilitation following an illness or accident.

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Supplementary unemployment benefit (from 1 January 2004)

Periods in which you were in receipt of a supplementary unemployment insurance benefit as you did not yet meet the requirements for entitlement to a statutory retirement pension.

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Maternity benefit

 Periods in which you were in receipt of statutory maternity benefit

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Schooling/study and training periods

Periods in which, after your 15th birthday, you were attending a:

  • Secondary school
  • College or similar educational institute (e.g. teacher training college)
  • University/art college
  • Or were in prescribed postgraduate vocational training
in Austria will only count as substitute periods for the purposes of deciding when you become eligible to receive a widow‘s (widower’s) or orphan’s pension as substitute periods.

For more information, see “Schooling/study and training periods".