DRUCKEN

The Organisation of Austrian Social Security


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A decentralised structure

Austrian social security comprises health, accident and pension insurance. Responsibility for social security is delegated to independent bodies – the insurance institutions. There are 22 insurers – 15 providing health insurance and 7 general insurance institutions – some of which are also responsible for two or even all three types of social security.

For historical reasons the system is structured on a geographical as well as occupational basis.

 

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Main Association of Austrian Social Security Institutions

All insurers belong to the Main Association of Austrian Social Security Institutions (Hauptverband der österreichischen Sozialversicherungsträger). This umbrella organisation is responsible for safeguarding general social security interests and for representing the social security institutions in matters of common concern (e.g. concluding contracts with doctors, hospitals, etc.). It also represents the Austrian social security system in dealings with similar organisations abroad and, in an international context, acts as an access point and liaison body in matters of health, accident and pension insurance.



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Health Insurance Institutions

  • 9 District Health Insurance Funds (one in each province)
  • 6 Occupational Health Insurance Funds
  • Insurance Institution for the Austrian Railways & Mining Industry
  • Insurance Institution for Public Service Wage and Salary Earners
  • Social Security Institution for Trade and Industry
  • Social Security Institution for Farmers

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Accident Insurance Institutions

  • Austrian Workers’ Compensation Board
  • Insurance Institution for the Austrian Railways & Mining Industry
  • Insurance Institution for Public Service Wage and Salary Earners
  • Social Security Institution for Farmers

 

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Pension Insurance Institutions

  • Pension Insurance Institution
  • Insurance Institution for the Austrian Railways & Mining Industry
  • Insurance Institution for Public Service Wage and Salary Earners (Bundespensionsamt Transfer Act from 1 January, 2007)
  • Social Security Institution for Trade and Industry
  • Social Security Institution for Farmers
  • Insurance Institution for Austrian Notaries

 

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Independent administration

When the State transfers certain administrative responsibilities to those groups of people who have a direct interest in these tasks, this is known as independent administration. Administrative bodies are formed from representatives of these groups of people. The bodies thus formed are then responsible to the State for the administration of the area in question without being under direct state control.

Austrian social security has been run on this principle of independent administration since ist inception - with the exception of the period from 1939 to 1947.

Thus insured employees, who receive benefits and pay contributions, as well as employers, who also pay contributions, have a direct interest in social security for employees. A self-employed person, who receives benefits and pays contributions, also has a direct interest in the social security provisions for the self-employed. The legal representatives of these groups with a direct interest in social security are required to appoint representatives (“insurance representatives”) to take seats on the administrative boards of the social security institutions.